By Gail Jarrow
Discusses medieval castles, why they have been equipped, who equipped them, how they have been developed, how they have been used, their deterioration, and their fix and recovery.
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Extra resources for A Medieval Castle
Wooden resist fire hoardings were temporary; they were put in when an attack was expected. Some castle builders later replaced wood hoardings with permanent stone strucplace tures that did not burn. Keeping Attackers Away Defenders used barriers to prevent attackers from getting Thorny hedges protected the base from climbers and diggers. Moats around the walls were up close to the castle walls. 1 meters) deep. often contained sharpened stakes on the bottom sides to discourage the enemy from approaching.
As the 28 To raise the bridge, defenders allowed the lighter front ends The drawbridge heavy rear ends rose, the chains raised the bridge. usually rested over of large beams to fall. Defending Against Attack the invaders in between the gates where defenders could easily attack A them. narrow passage led from the entrance through the gatehouse into the castle grounds. The passage had obstacles to hinder invaders, such as sharp turns or hidden ceiling above the passage contained openings that murder holes.
Major alterations. hole in a wall or in a knight's these weapons, castles needed But by the end of the Middle Ages, the increased cost of hiring workers sive. Only a small to destroy stone made construction expen- number of nobles could vate an old castle or to build a With few new new castles built abandoned and crumbling into was over. afford to reno- one. and many older ones ruins, the age of castles A Medieval Cahtle Today stone castles left from the Middle Ages are used as homes, museums, and hotels.