By Dania Abdul Malak, Katriona McGlade, Diana Pascual, Eduard Pla
This ebook examines the water-related affects of weather switch within the UNESCO Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean (IBRM) straddling Spain and Morocco. this can be the 1st in-depth ebook on a desirable transboundary case learn; whereas weather switch results are particularly homogenous around the IBRM, differing socio-economic contexts, land-use styles and coverage frameworks in Spain and Morocco suggest huge adaptations in vulnerability and effects for human defense. The authors have produced a singular and built-in vulnerability evaluate that mixes hydro-ecological, socio-economic and coverage analyses. The interdisciplinary technique and insights contained during this quantity will attraction either to these drawn to the mixing of ordinary and social sciences in addition to these engaged on water and weather switch from educational, useful or policy-oriented views.
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Additional info for Adapting to Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability and Risks to Human Security in the Western Mediterranean Basin
2 Policy Frameworks 35 change impacts to identify suitable interventions, rather than on ‘bottom-up’ approaches (Dessai and Hulme 2004), this does not mean that adaptation efforts of other policy actors, including the bottom-up, more ad hoc decisions that individual or communities take in response to changing environments are not equally important for overall adaptation efforts. 3 Spanish Policy Framework This section provides a broad overview of policies and programmes in Spain that address water related impacts of climate change and adaptation highlighting their consideration or impact on human security and vulnerability where possible.
2012), leading to losses of climatically-suitable areas for a number of species. At the landscape level, there may be changes to crop species and varieties used, provoked by (vegetation) phenological changes as well as lower water availability, effectively modifying existing agronomical techniques and the agronomic calendar (Moriondo and Bindi 2007; Giannakopoulos et al. 2009). An increase in aridity will have a direct impact on forest ecosystems and natural processes, likely causing a loss in ecosystem integrity and biodiversity.
However, it is evident that in Andalusia the positive results of this scenario are likely to be outweighed by the negative impacts. On the Moroccan side of the IBRM, the most undesirable scenarios lead to food shortages, soil degradation associated with unsustainable agriculture, and human migration. In Andalusia, the most severe scenarios would negatively impact the rural population, cause migration towards the coast, and result in a loss of rural identity, values, and knowledge. In both countries, the conservation of natural and cultural diversity—which was precisely the rationale for the creation of the IBRM protected area—would be threatened.