By Gordon McGranahan, Frank Murray
(Earthscan) Murdoch Univ., Australia. textual content studies contemporary advancements within the box and their relevance for public overall healthiness in constructing international locations. offers reviews from Asian, African, and Latin American nations; and contrasts findings with these from Europe and North the USA. Softcover.
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Additional resources for Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries
Chapters 4, 5 and 6: Tools and approaches to air pollution management. This group includes a chapter describing how international air pollution guidelines and information systems can be used to develop local standards and regulations, a chapter summarizing some of the rapid assessment techniques that can be applied when critical information is lacking, and a chapter on systematic approaches to air quality management. Chapters 7 and 8: Issues of particular relevance to low and middle income countries.
If applied correctly, the new guidelines should help provide the basis for more appropriate and locally grounded standards (or in some cases the decision to forgo standards). The relationships upon which the new WHO air quality guidelines are based derive from studies undertaken in affluent countries, and a number of qualifications apply when using the guidelines in low and middle income countries: 1 The chemical composition of the particles may be substantially different. The mixture of particles in the communities studied in the development of the particulate guideline was dominated by emissions from motor vehicles, power generation and space heating by natural gas and light oil combustion.
As evidence on the health risks accumulated, public concern about the dangers of air pollution grew. As more efficient and clean fuels became available, industrial smoke ceased to be associated with progress and modern technology. As incomes increased and the costs of cleaner technologies and fuels fell, air pollution control became less economically onerous. In the early stages air pollution measures emphasized the more visible and immediate pollution, such as the particulate and sulphur dioxide concentrations in cities.